Nainital is a famous hill station of Uttarakhand as well as headquarters of Nainital district in the Kumaon of the outer Himalayas.
It is located at an altitude of 6,837 ft. Nainital valley containing a pear-shaped lake, approx 03 Km in circumference, and occupied by mountains which are renowned as Ayarpata (2,235 meters); Deopata (2,273 meters); Handi Bandi (2,139 meters); Cheena (2,611 meters); Alma (2,270 meters); Laria Kanta (2,481 meters) and Sher-ka-Danda (2,217 meters).
Nainital’s hill station town was founded in 1841, with the construction of the first European house (Pilgrim Lodge) by P. Barron, a sugar trader from Shahjahanpur.
Soon After this town became a favored health resort by British soldiers and by colonial officials and their families trying to escape the heat of the plains.
Later, the city became the summer residence of the Governor of the United Provinces.
Nainital glitters like jewel in the Himalayan region, blessed with scenic natural splendor and natural resources of many lakes, Nainital have earned the tag of ' Lake District ' of India. There are many requisite places in the district of Nainital which are Haldwani, Kaladhungi, Ramgarh, Bhowali, Mukteshwar, Khurpatal, Bhimtal, Sattal and Naukuchiyatal.
Nainital limitless expense of scenic beauty is nothing short of a romance with awe-inspiring and ancient Mother Nature and this place is mentioned in Skand Puran as 'Trishul Sarover'.
Tri Rishi (three sages Atri, Pulastiya and Pulha) came there for pilgrimage while they were at Gagar range (now called China Peak),when they felt thirsty and could not find any water, thereafter, they thought of Man Sarover and dug a hole which at once got filled with water.
There are a busy bazaar and a spider’s web of walking tracks that cover the forested hillsides to viewpoints overlooking the distant Himalayan peaks.
It’s a good place to kick back and relax, eat well, and go for horse-riding or paddling on the lake. During peak seasons Nainital is packed with holidaying families and honeymooners.
Tallital which meaning is Lake’s Foot is at the southeastern end of the lake where you’ll find the bus stand and the main road heading east towards Bhowali.
The 1.5km promenade popular as the Mall takes you to Mallital which means Lake’s Head at the northwestern end of the lake. Most hotels, guest houses and restaurants are strung out along the Mall between Mallital and Tallital. There is Bara Bazaar where you'll most find shops, including pharmacies.
On the other hand Ranikhet is a place which is related with the legends of Himalayas.
Historical accounts tell us that the Queen Padmini of Kumaon was fascinated by this tiny hill paradise.
King Sudhardev obliged her, to build a palace here for the queen and named the place Ranikhet (the queen's fields).
No trail of the palace can be found today, but the place remained the same: captivating, abounding with flowers, trees and green meadows in the midst of heavenly Himalayan surroundings.